How does kidney donation affect your life?

Living donation does not change life expectancy and does not appear to increase the risk of kidney failure. In general, most people with only one normal kidney have few or no problems; however, you should always talk to your transplant team about the risks involved in donating. kidney donation involves major surgery and there are risks, such as bleeding and infection. But the overwhelming majority of kidney donors recover with minimal complications.

After your kidney is removed (nephrectomy), you'll usually just spend the night in the hospital and complete recovery at home. Over time, the remaining kidney will enlarge as blood flow and waste filtration increase. By donating a kidney, you'll lose some of your overall kidney function. However, the kidney you still have will start working harder (about 30%) to compensate for it.

It is recommended that you have blood pressure checks and blood and urine tests every year at your annual checkup with your family doctor. Donating a kidney does not affect a person's life expectancy. On the contrary, studies show that people who donate a kidney survive the average population. Twenty years after donating, 85 percent of kidney donors were still alive, while the expected survival rate was 66 percent.

This may be because only healthy people are approved to be donors, or perhaps donors take extra health precautions after donating a kidney. Many Kidney Donors Lead Normal Lives After Kidney Donation. Donation does not affect the function or survival of the remaining kidney. On the other hand, the capacity of the remaining kidney can increase on average by 22.4%.

This is known as “compensatory growth”. The study suggests that the increased risk is not huge (an increase of about 6%) and, in fact, most women who have donated a kidney can safely carry a full-term pregnancy. Studies have shown that donating a kidney or part of the liver does not affect a woman's ability to have children. Reviewing previous studies that included more than 100,000 living kidney donors, scientists found that donors appear to be at greater risk of worsening blood pressure and kidney function than non-donors.

The motivations of each donor can vary greatly and each donor has a unique experience as they go through the process of donating their kidney, from the initial decision to be evaluated as a potential donor to years after the donation is made. And they'll check you carefully to make sure you don't have any health problems that could worsen when you donate a kidney. While kidney donors had higher diastolic blood pressure (the lowest number of readings, reflecting blood pressure between heartbeats) and a higher risk of end-stage renal disease, other important risk profiles were comparable to those of non-donors. In addition, you help another patient on the waiting list because your donation leaves the recipient's place on the list for the next person when a deceased donor's kidney becomes available.

Since the mid to late 1990s, advances in surgical techniques have dramatically improved cosmetic outcome following live kidney donation. Many donors say they feel better about themselves after they donate, and most say that if they could do it again, they would still choose to donate their kidney. Some possible long-term risks of donating a kidney may include high blood pressure (hypertension), a large amount of protein in the urine, hernia, organ failure or failure leading to the need for dialysis or transplant. In general, kidney donation has minimal long-term risks, especially when compared to the health risks of the general population.

However, the medical problems that caused these kidney donors to sign up for the transplant may or may not be related to the donation. Post-renal causes of kidney failure include bladder obstruction, prostate problems, tumors or kidney stones. The National Kidney Foundation (NKF) is the largest, most comprehensive and oldest organization dedicated to the awareness, prevention and treatment of kidney disease. Reese said that living kidney donors can do much to minimize their short- and long-term health risks after donation.

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