Living donation does not change life expectancy and does not appear to increase the risk of kidney failure. In general, most people with only one normal kidney have few or no problems; however, you should always talk to your transplant team about the risks involved in donating. Knowing the long-term risks associated with kidney donation is important for potential donors and their providers. Existing studies have focused on the increased risk of ESRD as a result of kidney donation.
In this study, we show that donation can shorten the life of middle-aged donors by between 1% and 2%. This analysis shows that short-term studies (. Donating a kidney does not affect a person's life expectancy. On the contrary, studies show that people who donate a kidney survive the average population.
Twenty years after donating, 85 percent of kidney donors were still alive, while the expected survival rate was 66 percent. This may be because only healthy people are approved to be donors, or perhaps donors take extra health precautions after donating a kidney. Many Kidney Donors Lead Normal Lives After Kidney Donation. Donation does not affect the function or survival of the remaining kidney.
On the other hand, the capacity of the remaining kidney can increase on average by 22.4%. This is known as “compensatory growth”. In general, kidney donation has minimal long-term risks, especially when compared to the health risks of the general population. However, kidney donation may very slightly increase the risk of developing kidney failure, especially if you are a middle-aged black man.
The increased risk is minimal and translates into less than 1 percent chance of future renal failure. We assume that many future risks that may affect life expectancy and ESRD, such as cancer, obesity, smoking, etc., were not influenced by the act of kidney donation. Reese said that living kidney donors can do much to minimize their short- and long-term health risks after donation. Compared to the general public, most kidney donors have equivalent (or better) survival, excellent quality of life, and no increase in end-stage renal disease (ESKD).
Some studies have indicated a slight increase in the incidence of ESKD after donation among certain groups; in particular, black donors, younger donors, donors genetically related to their recipients, donors related to recipients with immunological causes of kidney failure, and donors overweight. However, they are at risk of developing these conditions, whether they donate or not, and will affect patient survival and loss of kidney function in both donors and non-donors. The motivations of each donor can vary greatly and each donor has a unique experience as they go through the process of donating their kidney, from the initial decision to be evaluated as a potential donor to years after the donation is made. People who donate one of their kidneys are likely to live as long as a person with two healthy kidneys, assuming they survive the initial, somewhat riskier period.
We have a variety of living kidney donation fact sheets available if you prefer to download information to read offline. In addition, you help another patient on the waiting list because your donation leaves the recipient's place on the list for the next person when a deceased donor's kidney becomes available. Living kidney donation was associated with an additional risk of ESRD, especially among males and blacks. Objective This study estimated the potential loss of life and cumulative lifetime risk of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) from living kidney donation.
The better survival among donors is probably due to the fact that only healthy people are accepted for living kidney donation. And they'll check you carefully to make sure you don't have any health problems that could worsen when you donate a kidney. Since the mid to late 1990s, advances in surgical techniques have dramatically improved cosmetic outcome following live kidney donation. .