Two important factors determine compatibility in kidney transplantation: blood type and antibodies. Donors of blood group O can donate to anyone. Receptors that are of blood group AB can receive from anyone. Kidney donors must have a blood group compatible with the recipient.
The Rh (+ or -) factor of the blood does not matter in a transplant. You may have heard conversations about “compatibility” and kidney transplant. In fact, there are three tests that are done to evaluate donors. These are blood type tests, cross-tests, and HLA.
This blood test is the first step in the living donation process and determines if you are a match or “compatible with your recipient”. Blood Types There are 4 different blood types. The most common blood group in the population is type O. The next most common is blood group A, then blood group B, and the rarest is blood group AB.
The donor's blood group must be compatible with the recipient. The rules for blood type in transplantation are the same as for blood transfusion. Some types of blood can be transmitted to others and others can't. Blood group O is considered to be the universal donor.
People with blood group O can donate to any other blood type. Blood group AB is called a universal recipient because it can receive an organ or blood from people with any type of blood. The table below shows which blood type you can donate to which blood group. In addition to being healthy, living donors must have blood types and tissues compatible with the recipient of the kidney.
The transplant team will perform tests to see if the blood and tissues are compatible (compatible with health) with the recipient of the kidney. If they are not, our living donor program can also inform you about the matched giving program. The National Kidney Foundation (NKF) is the largest, most comprehensive and oldest organization dedicated to the awareness, prevention and treatment of kidney disease. I hadn't met anyone in my life with kidney problems, or who needed an organ transplant, but I knew that only one kidney is needed to live.
However, transplants from living donors are more successful compared to kidneys from deceased donors because these kidneys come from living donors. It is obvious that an increase in post-mortem organ donation rates would positively affect patients of all blood groups who were on the waiting list and not just for kidney transplantation. If a person receives a kidney from someone with an incompatible blood group, the normal immune system will immediately reject the kidney because natural antibodies fight different blood types. If you're healthy, donating a kidney won't increase your chances of getting sick or having major health problems.